Indonesia - PowerIn 2015, Indonesia had approximately 55.5 GW installed capacity of power plants which generated 228 TWh of electricity. The current power generation fuel mix includes coal (56.0%), gas (24.9%), oil (8.6%) and renewables (10.5%).
The new power plants in the 35 GW programme will be largely fossil fuel-based in the short term, with approximately 60% of power expected to be generated from coal by the end of 2019, compared to 56% in 2015. Second to coal is projected to be gas, maintaining a share of approximately 26.4% of the fuel mix in 2019 compared to 25% in 2015. However, an increasing role for alternative and renewable energy sources is envisaged.
Key points for Power Sector :-
•To reach power generation installed capacity of 115 GW and 430 GW by 2025 and 2050, respectively.• To achieve per capita electricity consumption of 2,500 kWh and 7,000 kWh by 2025 and 2050, respectively. • To achieve an electrification ratio of close to 100% by 2020.
Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) :-PLN is an Indonesian State – owned company tasked with supplying the electricity needs of the Indonesian people. The total capacity of PLN’s power plants at end – 2013 had grown to 46.104 MW. The company holds a monopoly on the distribution of electricity in Indonesia and is the second largest state company by assets. The state of the Republic of Indonesia owns 100 % of PLN’s shares. Indonesia’s electrification ratio – the per % of Indonesian households that are coneected to the nation’s electricity grid stood at 80.38 % at end 2013.PLN was estabilished on 1 January 1965. Its key subsidiaries are Indonesia Power, Pembangkitan Jawa Bali, Indonesia Comnets Plus, Pelayanan Listrik Nasional Batam, Prima Layanan National Enjiniring.
In 1945, Indonesia's President Soekarno established the Electricity and Gas Bureau, under the Department of Public Works and Energy with a total power generation capacity of 157.5 MW. In 1961, the Electricity and Gas Bureau was renamed BPU-PLN (Board of General Administration of the State Electricity Company) working in the fields of electricity supply, gas and coke. Four years later, the BPU-PLN was disbanded and two state-owned enterprises were inaugurated, i.e. Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) to manage electric power and Perusahaan Gas Negara (PGN) to manage the country's natural gas transportation and distribution.
The government of Indonesia aims to build more coal-fired power plants in order to increase the electrification rate and to reduce the consumption of expensive diesel (used in power plants). PLN has been tasked by the government to supply an additional 55,500 MW of power nationwide by 2019 and increasing the electrification ratio to 90 percent by 2020.
Power Plants in Indonesia :-
Non – Renewable Power Plants
Thermal power is the largest source of power in Indonesia.There are different types of thermal power plants based on the fuel used to generate the steam such as coal, gas, diesel etc. About 85% of electricity consumed in Indonesia is generated by thermal power plants.