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Indonesia – Roads

A wide variety of vehicles are used for transportation on Indonesia's roads. Bus services are available in most areas connected to the road network. Between major cities, especially on Sumatra, Java, and Bali, services are frequent and direct; many services are available with no stops until the final destination. In more remote areas, and between smaller towns, most services are provided with minibuses or minivans. Buses and vans are also the primary form of transportation within cities. Often, these are operated as share taxis, running semi-fixed routes.

Many cities and towns have some form of transportation for hire available as well such as taxis. There are usually also bus services of various kinds such as the Kopaja buses and the more sophisticated Transjakarta bus rapid transit system in Jakarta. Many cities also have motorised autorickshaws (bajaj) of various kinds. Cycle rickshaws in Indonesia, are a regular sight on city roads and provide inexpensive transportation. They have been blamed for causing traffic congestion and, consequently, banned from most parts of central Jakarta. Horse-drawn carts are found in some cities and towns.

Due to the increasing purchasing power of Indonesians, private cars are becoming more common especially in major cities. However the growth of the number of cars increasingly outpaces the construction of new roads, resulting in frequently crippling traffic jams in large parts in major cities especially in Jakarta, which often also happen on highways. Jakarta also has one of the worst traffic jams in the world.

The AH2 highway is one of Indonesia's main highways. The other one is AH25 in Sumatra.

Indonesia has about 496,607 km total roadways out of which paved are of about 283,102 km and about 213,505 km of unpaved.

Indonesia has some highways, some of them are National Routes (25, currently only in Java and (partially) Sumatera), and some of them are freeways. All the freeways are tolled (toll road). The most expensive is the Cipularang Toll road that connects Jakarta and Bandung via Cikampek and Purwakarta.

Indonesia has also been gradually introducing an Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) since 2012. ITS Indonesia was formed on 26 April 2011.

There is a plan to develop 1,000 km of Expressways and 2,650 km of new roads by the end of 2019.

List of Toll Roads in Indonesia



Toll Road name

Length (km)


North Sumatra

Belawan–Tanjung Morawa Toll Road



Jabodetabek Area

Jakarta–Serpong Toll Road


Jakarta–Tangerang Toll Road


Prof. Dr. Sedyatmo Toll Road (Soekarno–Hatta International Airport Toll Road)


Jakarta Inner Ring Road


Jakarta Outer Ring Road


Jakarta Outer Ring Road 2


Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road


Jakarta–Bogor–Ciawi Toll Road


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